The critical shortage of baby formula across the United States is being exacerbated by many of the same issues implicated in the global supply chain crisis borne by the Coronavirus pandemic, says a Virginia Tech industrial packaging and shipping expert.

“The challenge with any major change — such as increasing the production of baby formula — is that the supply chain is already strained,” said Lazlo Horvath, director of Virginia Tech’s Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design

“It is also hard to get any trucks on the road because shipping companies are running at full capacity, too,” Horvath said, noting that his team is engaged with a key company in the warehouse rental space who reports most of its market already fully saturated. 

Thus even ramping up production of infant formula — which key companies say they’re doing  — may not immediately help, because there are fewer companies making the right packaging to store components, fewer available warehouses to store products, and fewer trucks to ship it all. 

“These problems are on top of the complications brought on by getting more materials to produce the product, and the canisters that are needed to put the baby food into it,” Horvath said. “Companies are barely able to ramp up their production to 100 percent because some of the required materials are always missing.” 

Though not familiar with the current availability of baby food containers, Horvath said “most industrial plastic packaging production companies are running at 100 percent capacity — thus getting time on any of the equipment to produce something new is hard.”

He said the same is true for items that ship on wooden pallets, which represents a large section of consumer supply chains.

“A lot of companies are expanding their production, but due to labor constraints, pallet companies are serving current customers first,” he said. “Some of them cannot even take new customers."

About the Center

Housed within the College of Natural Resources and Environment, the Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design is one of the leading packaging research facilities in the United States. Using state-of-the art technology, researchers analyze every aspect of the material handling system from primary packaging all the way through unit load design.

About Horvath

Lazlo Horvath, the center’s director, is an associate professor in the Department of Sustainable Biomaterials. His research focuses on unit load interactions, packaging sustainability, smart and connected packaging, and market studies. View his bio.

Schedule an interview

To secure an interview, please email Michael Stowe at

Our studio

Virginia Tech's television and radio studio can broadcast live HD audio and video to networks, news outlets, and affiliates interviewing Virginia Tech faculty and staff. The university does not charge for use of its studios. Video is transmitted by LTN Global Communications; Skype, FaceTime, or similar products; or file sharing (Dropbox, Google Drive, We-Transfer, etc.). Radio interviews can be transmitted by ISDN, Comrex, phone, smartphone recording, or file sharing.


Share this story